January Is National Train Your Dog Month (Part One)

January is National Train Your Dog Month, and we are pleased to have our very first guest blogger to help us with this important topic! Many thanks to John Sparks of Sparks K9 Services for penning (OK, typing) this helpful information for us. He and his wife, Kim, also run Balanced Bullies Rescue & Rehabilitation, a nonprofit dedicated to the welfare of pit bulls.

These two do wonderful, wide-ranging work with and for our animal companions, and we at PVH are proud to call them friends. With that, let’s turn to John’s article on:

Obedience First Approach for Behavior Issues

How most behavioral issues can be resolved through obedience training
By John Sparks, Sparks K9 Services

As a dog trainer specializing in aggression (toward both dogs and humans), I know firsthand that the majority of behavioral issues can be greatly improved, or “cured” altogether, through an obedience first approach. Many highly successful trainers, old and new, including the late William Koehler, have employed this approach with great success.

In this post and a follow-up post, we’ll look at the main reasons the obedience first approach works so well in my practice and for my clients.

Stress Reduction

Most dogs with behavioral issues have “triggers” – things that set them off. The triggers themselves are usually not the root cause of the behavioral issues, though. Most behaviorally challenged dogs are suffering from stress, and the triggers just push them over the edge of their stress threshold (kind of like the old saying “the straw that broke the camel’s back”). 

Stress layering (multiple layers of stress that stack on top of each other) is a common problem, and happens with humans and dogs alike. 

Things that can cause a dog stress include, but are not limited to:

  • being on a leash
  • new people
  • new surroundings
  • noise
  • inconsistent or unclear communication from their handler
  • lack of training
  • other dogs
  • barrier frustration
  • unusual events
  • inconsistent schedule
  • lack of clearly stated behavioral boundaries
  • lack of impulse control
  • pain 

Behaviors that result from stress can include but are not limited to:

  • leash aggression
  • poor manners with guests
  • hyperactive behavior
  • house soiling
  • unwarranted aggression (toward dogs/humans/other animals)
  • fearfulness

Proper obedience can significantly reduce stress for dogs; it can peel back the layers of stress by giving the dog tasks to focus on, establishing clear and consistent communication between the human and dog, and teaching the dog how to be in control of his own emotions and actions. Specific triggers rarely have to be dealt with individually, as the training lowers stress overall, so any one trigger is rarely enough to send your dog over threshold.

Proper Relationship Building

Do you ever wonder why people act differently around strangers than they do around friends or family? Have you ever noticed that your dog acts differently around different people, or around different dogs? Have you ever wondered why? 

TIME AND EXPERIENCE. 

Time and experience create connection. It takes time and effort to build mutual trust and respect, as well as clear communication and cooperation.  Most people who have dogs displaying behavioral issues have a fragile relationship built on “love” and hope, not a healthily developed relationship built on trust, respect, communication and cooperation. A lack of proper relationship seems fine when things are calm, but when pressure or stress is introduced, things fall apart quickly. 

I spend a great amount of time teaching my students how to build proper relationships with their dogs. A lot of this time focuses on teaching them to properly train their dogs around distractions, so that their dogs can learn to be responsible for their own actions and mindset, even when pressure and stress build. Our relationships with our dogs is not built on moments of calm, but instead should be defined by how well we handle the moments of stress together.

In the next post, we’ll discuss teaching the “right action” as the preferred alternative, as well as building a strong foundation that can handle pressure. Stay tuned!

Note: Photos provided by John Sparks; please do not use without permission.